Ensayos de Economía is a journal from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Medellín (Medellín campus). Founded in 1990, it represents the efforts and initiative of a group of professors who wanted a platform to express themselves and to publish the academic and scientific work of the national and international community. The aim of the journal is to present theoretical and applied research to the public, emphasizing the analysis of reality, the reporting of empirical evidence, and the formulation of economic policies. This initiative is grounded in the belief that economic analyses provide the tools necessary for understanding the national and international economies, as well as policies to overcome poverty and inequality and to build the foundations of a more democratic and free society. The Ensayos de Economía journal is intended for individuals interested in empirical and theoretical studies of economic sciences: economists, students and teachers at both graduate and undergraduate levels, and researchers in all related fields. Likewise, the journal is a forum open to theoretical traditions in economic sciences and to all major cutting-edge debates. In that sense, all contributions are welcome. The journal is a biannual publication (January-June and July-December).
The Ensayos de Economía journal receives and considers papers for publishing in the areas of research, analysis, theoretical and methodological review, as well as analysis papers not derived from research, and literature reviews. The journal publishes papers in Spanish, English and Portuguese. All contents submitted for publishing must be original, unpublished and must not have been submitted to any other journal or periodical publication. The Ensayos de Economía journal runs all submitted papers through a plagiarism detection tool. Authors are notified when total or partial plagiarism (without appropriate citations) is detected and the paper is rejected.
During the first stage of the publishing process, papers submitted to the journal will be reviewed to verify that they satisfy the requirements listed in the norms for authors. Papers that do not fulfill the requirements will be rejected; otherwise, they will be submitted to two academic peers for a double-blind review – the identity of the author(s) is not revealed to the reviewers, and the identity of the reviewers is not revealed to the author(s). The academic peers will be designated by the editorial committee. Papers will be evaluated in terms of conceptual and methodological rigor, clarity, and coherence of the reasoning and explanation. If a paper receives both a positive and a negative review, it will be sent to a third reviewer, whose opinion will be definitive. The editorial committee will settle any controversy concerning the evaluations, and it will have the final word on which papers will be published. The decisions of the editorial committee will not be subject to appeal. The time estimated to report the concept regarding a paper (accepted or rejected) is approximately of 6 months, starting the date of reception of contents. The author must accept and implement all the formal adjustments suggested by the academic peers and the direction of the journal.
Authors who publish in the journal, Ensayos de Economía, transfer all patrimonial rights to the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. The materials published in this journal cannot be reproduced without the explicit authorization of the University, except for academic purposes in which Ensayos de Economía is referenced in the bibliography. Authors also transfer to the Institution the exclusive rights to edit, publish, reproduce, copy and distribute the paper; to prepare derivative works on paper, and in electronic or any other media; and to include the paper in indexing systems and national and international databases.
Authors who publish in the journal, Ensayos de Economía, must also guarantee that the text submitted is original, that they have not committed any fraud, that they are the sole owners of the patrimonial and moral copyrights, that the paper hasn’t been published in any other media, that it hasn’t been simultaneously submitted to any other publication, that they have contributed intellectually to its elaboration, that they have read and approved the final version of the submitted manuscript and that they assume the entire responsibility for the content of their work before the Universidad Nacional de Colombia and third parties. In order to guarantee this editorial policy, it is essential that authors fill out the format Autorización para Publicación de Obras y Cesión de Derechos Patrimoniales and send it along with the document they are submitting to the journal. This format can be downloaded from the website of Ensayos de Economía or requested at the following email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
The journal, Ensayos de Economía, from the Faculty of Human and Economic Sciences at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Sede Medellín,) requests individuals interested in publishing papers in the journal to carefully read its editorial policy and to take into account the following guidelines:
Norms for Manuscript Submission
Regarding the type of manuscripts that may be submitted to the journal. Publishable papers must be of the following types:
Paper on scientific and technological research: document that presents, in a detailed fashion, original results of finished research projects. It is generally structured in four separated blocks: introduction, methodology, results, and conclusions.
Analysis paper: document that presents the results of a finished research project, citing the original sources, from an analytical, interpretative, or critical perspective held by the author on a specific subject.
Review paper: document presented as the result of a finished research project, in which results of published or unpublished research on economic science are analyzed and systematized with the aim of showing advances and development trends in a given area. This type of paper presents a meticulous literature review with at least 50 references.
Short paper: short document that presents original preliminary or partial results of a scientific research project that usually requires prompt distribution.
Case report: document that presents the results of a study on a particular situation with the aim of portraying the technical and methodological experiences considered in a specific case. It includes a systematic and commented literature review of analogous cases.
Subject review: document that results from a critical literature review on a particular subject.
Editorial: document written by the editor, a member of the editorial committee or a guest researcher on diverse orientations in the thematic domain of the journal.
Translation: translations of classical or current texts, or transcriptions of historical documents of particular interest in the publishing domain of the journal.
Analysis document not derived from research
Authors must submit the manuscripts through the journal’s platform https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/ede/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions and to the following email address: email@example.com. In a separate file, authors must provide:
• Name of the author(s) as it (they) should appear in the published paper
• ORCID: https://orcid.org/register
• Institutional affiliation: current position, university (country, city), research group.
• Google Scholar Citation Profile
• Latest academic degree: program, university (country, city).
• Origin of the paper: indicate if the paper is the result of research or a thesis, among
others, and whether it was financed. If the paper was financed, include the name of
the sponsoring or financing institution, mode of financing, code, period and state of the
paper –partial or final result.
• Publications during the past two years.
Authors agree to carry out all modifications suggested by the reviewers and by the journal’s editorial team, submitting the modified version no later than 15 weekdays after being notified about the review and the necessary adjustments.
The paper must be written in Word format, 12pt Arial font, single line spacing.
Papers must be between 7000 and 10000 words long.
The paper’s title must be concise and summarize the work’s content. An English version of the title must be included.
The paper must contain an abstract (150 words maximum) both in Spanish and English.
Three or five codes from the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) classification system (available at: http://www.aeaweb.org/journal/jel_class_system.php) must be included.
Headings: First level Arial 14 bold-faced, left-justified spacing before and after the title. Second level Arial 14 light, spacing before and after. Third level Arial 12, spacing before and after. Fourth level Arial 12 italic, colon and text right after.
Figures, tables and images must have a short and descriptive label. They must be numbered independently (Table 1, Table 2, etc.; Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) and the source of the information must be indicated below (or say “elaborated by the author” if that is the case). Additionally, abbreviations and symbols must be explained below the figure/table/image. All figures, tables and images included must be referenced in the text.
All figures, tables and images must be listed and numbered at the end of the document. Large figures or images must be attached in jpg or tiff format of 300dpi and 240 pixels. The author’s submission of the corresponding authorization to publish the images must be verified. It is advised to send images in black and white or in grayscale.
It is required to include indications within the text at the desired location of figures, tables and images. They should be placed in brackets, in the following manner:
[Insert Table 1 here]
These resources must be used moderately. They must be clear, legible, and relevant to the arguments presented in the paper.
Equations must be consecutively numbered using brackets (, , , etc.). Mathematical symbols must be clear and legible. Subscripts and superscripts must be appropriately positioned.
Footnotes must be employed for definitions and clarifications, or to refer the reader to other works of interest or to authors who deal to a greater extent with the subjects that, for any reason, the author cannot fully develop. Footnotes must not be used to cite works employed as supporting material while writing the paper.
In-text bibliographical references must use the author-date system, with parentheses, right after the citation: author’s last name, year of publishing, page (Wicksell, 1947, p. 97).
Bibliographical references must be organized at the end of the document in alphabetical order by last name using the APA system. They must be limited to works effectively used and referenced in the text. The detailed instructions to organize the bibliographical references are the following:
The list of references contains the complete information about the sources cited in the text. It allows readers to identify and locate sources in order to verify or complement the information.
In the list of references, authors only include the sources effectively used in the text. Thus, the list of references includes works that support a specific paper. In contrast, a bibliography includes works that served as support while writing the paper or that are useful for a later reading, and it may contain descriptive notes. For citations and references included in the paper, the Ensayos de Economía journal uses the sixth edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) citation norms. All information and required punctuation details (comma, period, colon, parenthesis, etc.) must be taken into account.
All authors cited in the text must coincide with the list of references at the end of the document. An author that was not cited in the text must never be referenced and vice versa. The list of references is organized in alphabetical order using French indentation. Arabic numbers —not Roman— must be used to indicate numbers or volumes of a given publication.
Below are examples that illustrate the differences between in-text (T) citation and citation in the list of references (R).
Books in Print
T: (Sarmiento, 1998, pp. 52-78)
R: Last name, A. A. (Year). Title. City: Publisher.
Example: Sarmiento, E. (1998). Alternativas a la encrucijada neoliberal. Mercado, narcotráfico y descentralización. Bogotá: Ecoe Ediciones.
T: (Brand & Prada, 2003, p.78)
R: Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. (Year). Title. City: Publisher.
Example: Brand, P., & Prada, F. (2003). La invención de futuros urbanos. Medellín: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
T: (Last name, year, p.)
R: Last name, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title. City: Publisher.
T: (Last name, year)
R: Last name, A. A. (Year). Title. Recovered from http://www.xxxxxx.xxx
Electronic book with DOI:
T: (Last name, year)
R: Last name, A. A. (Year). Title. DOI: xx.xxxxxxxx
Reprint or updated edition
T: (Marx & Engels, 1971 , p. 42)
R: Last name, A. A. (most recent publishing year). Title. City: Publisher.
Example: Marx, K. & Engels, F. (1971 ). El Manifiesto del Partido Comunista. Pekín: Ediciones en Lenguas Extranjeras.
A chapter of a book is referenced when there is an editor and the book is composed of chapters written by different authors.
T: (Herrera & Lozano, 2005, pp. 140-165)
R: Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. (Year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Last name (ed.), Title of book (pp. xx-xx). City: Publisher.
Example: Herrera, J. P., & Lozano, F. (2005). Juegos No-Cooperativos con Información Simétrica. In S. Monsalve & J. Arévalo (ed.), Un Curso de Teoría de Juegos Clásica (pp. 139-179). Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.
T: (Bezuidenhout, 2006)
R: Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B, & Last name, C. C. (year). Title of paper. Name of magazine, volume(number), pp-pp. doi: xx.xxxxxxx
Example: Bezuidenhout, A. (2006). Consciousness and Language (review). Language, 82(4), 930-934. DOI: 10.1353/lan.2006.0184
T: (Antonelli, 2007)
R: Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B, & Last name, C. C. (year). Title of paper. Name of magazine, volume(number), pp-pp.
Example: Antonelli, E. (2007). Fundamentos de la Oferta Agregada ¿Existen posibilidades para la política macroeconómica? Ensayos de Economía, 17(30), 10-49.
T: (Last Name, year)
2012, p. 5)
R: Last name, A. A. (Year). Title of paper. Name of magazine, volume(number), pp-pp. Retrieved of http:/ /www.xxxxxx.xxx
Variations according to author
One author: as indicated above.
Two to seven authors: List all authors using commas. Use “&” instead of “and.”
Eight or more authors: List the first six authors, then use ellipsis and list the last author.
Anonymous author: place the full title of the article in the place of the author.
Example: Representaciones sobre el gobierno en niños, niñas y adolescentes de Bucaramanga. (2012). Revista latinoamericana de ciencias sociales, niñez y juventud, 10(2), 4-9
Last name A. A. (Date). Title of the article. Title of the newspaper, pp-pp.
In print without author
Title of the article. (Date). Title of the newspaper, pp-pp.
Last name, A. A. (Date). Title of the article. Title of the newspaper. Retrieved from http:/ /www.xxxxxx.xxx
Example: Bonet, E. (2011, september 30). Miles de personas oran en la plaza Tahrir de El Cairo. El Tiempo. Retrieved from http://www.eltiempo.com/
Other Text Types
Corporate authors or government reports
T: (Name of the corporation [acronym], year)
R: Name of the organization. (year). Title of the report (Number of the publication). Retrieved from http:/ /www.xxxxxx.xxx
Symposia and conferences
Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. (Date). Title of the talk. In A. Last name of the congress president (Presidency), Title of the symposium or congress. Symposium or conference presented at Name of the organization, Place.
Example: Manrique, D., & Aponte, L. (2011, June). Evolución en el estudio y conceptualización de la consciencia. In H. Castillo (Presidency), El psicoanálisis en Latinoamérica. Symposium presented at XXXIII Congreso Iberoamericano de Psicología, Medellín, Colombia.
Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. (year). Title of the thesis (undergraduate, master or doctoral thesis). Name of the institution, Place.
Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. (year). Title of the thesis (undergraduate, master or doctoral thesis). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx.xxx
McDaniel, J. E., & Miskel, C. G. (2002). The effect of groups and individuals on national decisionmaking: Influence and domination in the reading policymaking environment (CIERA Report 3-025). Retrieved from University of Michigan, Center for Improvement of Early Reading Achievement website: http://www.xxxxxx.xxx
Last name of the producer, A. A. (producer) & Last name of the director, A. (director). (release year). Title of the motion picture [motion picture]. Country of Origin: Studio.
Last name, A. (Date). Post title [Blog post]. Retrieved from http:/ /www.xxxxxx.xxx
[Photograph by Name and Last Name of photographer]. (Place, year). Name of collection. Location.
Note: op. cit., ibid. o ibidem should not be used in any case.
Statement of Ethics and Good Practice
Ensuring high ethical standards for each published issue is very important to the journal, Ensayos de Economía; therefore, we take all measures required to avoid fraud, plagiarism and editorial malpractice. Papers submitted for publishing must be original and unpublished, in Spanish, English and Portuguese, and they must belong to the field of economic sciences or to related fields. These attributes must be stated by authors when submitting papers for the consideration by the editorial committee and, later, by the academic peers.
Circulation and Conflicts of Interest Unpublished material submitted by the author to the Ensayos de Economía journal cannot be used in any research carried out by the editor without the author’s explicit consent.
Responsibilities of the Editor The editor must always act in a balanced, objective and fair manner, without discriminating against authors based on sexual, religious, political or regional grounds, according to the norms established by the Colombian Political Constitution of 1991. Likewise, the editor must consider, edit and publish academic contributions based only on their academic merits and without consideration of any commercial influence or secondary interest. The editor of the journal, Ensayos de Economía, with the help of the editorial committee, is responsible for deciding which papers will be published. The editor must make all decisions according to the editorial policy. The editorial and scientific committees must take into account all up-to-date legal aspects in terms of libel, copyright and plagiarism.
Additionally, the editor and the editorial committee must follow the appropriate process to resolve any complaints or misunderstandings of an ethical nature, or any conflict of interest. They must also act according to the regulations, policies and procedures established by the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Authors will always be given the opportunity to respond regarding possible conflicts of interest. Any kind of complaint must be substantiated with documents to prove the alleged misconduct.
Responsibilities of the Reviewers
Reviewers must evaluate in an objective manner the papers submitted to the journal, Ensayos de Economía, collaborating appropriately to improve the scientific quality of the original research results.
Reviewers must protect the confidentiality of the information provided by the editor, the editorial committee, or the authors, making proper use of such information. However, they are free to decide whether to keep or reject the text during the evaluation process.
Reviewers must promptly inform the editor and the editorial committee when the content of an academic contribution shows signs of plagiarism or significantly resembles other research products, whether published or part of a publishing process.
Reviewers must know relevant published works that the authors do not cite. Observations, derived ideas or previously used arguments must be properly cited. Reviewers must also notify the editor of the Ensayos de Economía journal if they have evidence of similarities or overlaps between a reviewed paper and other published works.
Reviewers must always report possible conflicts of interest between the reviewer and the authors of academic contributions due to financial or institutional collaboration or any other reasons. In that case, and if necessary, reviewers must withdraw their services concerning the evaluation of the paper. Evaluators who do not feel qualified to review a given paper, or are aware that they will not be able to meet the reviewing deadline, must notify the editor as soon as possible, justifying their withdrawal from the evaluation process. Reviewers may also ask for a deadline extension, which the editor will evaluate according to the publishing timeline of the journal.
Authors must state that the paper has never been published and that it is not being considered for publishing anywhere else. They must also state that the paper does not violate copyrights or any other right concerning the intellectual property of any person or organization, and that it does not contain abusive, defamatory, obscene, or fraudulent declarations, nor any other statement considered illegal in any way.
Authors must keep documents and meticulous records of the data and data analyses related to the manuscript submitted to the journal Ensayos de Economía. If, on reasonable grounds, the editor or the editorial committee request such information, authors must provide it or facilitate access to it. When requested, original data will enter a custody chain where confidentiality and protection of the information will be ensured by the journal.
Authors must confirm, by means of a copyrights release and conflict of interests statement, or with an originality certificate (a pre-established format used by the Ensayos de Economía journal) that they agree to submit their paper to an evaluation process involving different committees, that the paper is original and unpublished, and that it is not being evaluated nor accepted for publishing anywhere else.
When part of a contribution’s content has been published or reported in another media, authors must acknowledge and cite all corresponding sources and academic credits.
Authors must declare any possible conflicts of interest that might exert inappropriate influences at any time during the publishing process.
Authors must carefully review the last version of the paper before it is published in the journal Ensayos de Economía. They must report errors or necessary corrections. If significant errors are present once the academic contribution is published, authors must promptly notify the editor and the editorial committee, and they must cooperate with the journal in the publishing of an errata sheet, appendix, notice, correction or, if necessary, in the withdrawal of the paper from the published issue.